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Agricultural Land Use Change in Central and Northeast Thailand: Effects on Biomass Emissions, Soil Quality and Rural Livelihoods

Researchers examining a field in Thailand.
What We Do

This project aims to understand the impacts of recent changes in rice and sugarcane production practices in central and northeast Thailand on biomass emissions from residue burning, soil quality and rural well-being.


Central and Northeast Thailand 

How Satellites Make This Work

This project conducts an interdisciplinary land use research project integrating satellite remote sensing, field-scale research, agro-ecosystem modeling, and socioeconomic analysis to understand the impacts of crop type and management practices such as residue burning on biomass emissions, soil carbon and rural well-being. The products developed under this project will inform regional land use and management planning and policy aimed at reducing biomass emissions and resulting air quality issues, meeting agricultural production demand and influencing the economic well-being of rural communities. These methodologies could be extended to other developing South Asian nations.

Varaprasad Bandaru, Agriculture Research Service, USDA
Team Members
R. César Izaurralde, University of Maryland
Sergii Skakun, University of Maryland
Eric Vermote, NASA, UMD

Louis Giglio, University of Maryland

Bundit Fungtammasan, The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE)

Laixiang Sun, University of Maryland

Ramakrishna Nemani, University of Maryland

Sukunya Yamapracha, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang (KMITL)